ISRO full form is the Indian Space Research Organization. This organization was established in 1962 by the first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
Vikram Sarabhai was the first person who identified space technology and he takes responsibility for the development of ISRO.
The first mission of ISRO was in space-based service. To develop the new advanced technology ISRO has its own manufacturer and also it introduced space exploration activity in India.
It was established in Bangalore and is fully controlled by the Government of India. Now ISRO is the most popular worldwide for Space research and Space science because it creates new records in space research technology.
Now 17000 employees work in ISRO. It has the most amazing world record like the budget of lunching satellite price is less than other activities and it’s price also less than equal to space technology of other countries.
The Science city of India, Bengaluru, headquarters of ISRO.It is the only space agency of govt. of India.
Satellites And Unique Records of ISRO
The first satellite launched on 19 April 1975 and Its Name was Aryabhata but at this time India did not have any launching vehicles so the Russian Government helps for launching the first satellite in India.
After five years in 1980, ISRO launched its first own made Satelite SLB3 its project director was APJ Abdul kalam and it launched successfully.
In 1980 to still ISRO creates its own-made satellite then it counts in such countries that are making its own-made satellites such as America, Russia, Japan and etc.
On 22 October 2008 ISRO launched a geat satellite from Satish Dhawan international space research center that was Moon Mission and its name was Chandrayan.
It is the unmanned vehicle for research on the moon’s surface, to reach the moon’s surface, it travels 5 days and to reach the orbits of the moon to reach it travels 15 days.
With the successful lunch of Chandrayana-1, ISRO creates a new world record to find water on the moon’s surface because this mission works for 10 months continuously.
After 10-month successful research on the moon, it disconnected from ISRO and in between 10-month finished 95% of research on the moon.
This mission was a low budget than other space research for a moon mission and its cost was 386 core. After successfully launching the moon mission the ISRO lunch another mission that was mission Mangalyana and it lunch 5 November 2013.
In the Mars mission the Satelite travels 298 days on 24 September 2014 it enters the orbit of Mars and then it successfully lands on the surface of Mars.
After successfully landing on Mars ISRO create a world record because in the first attend ISRO land his Satelite on mars.
Types of Satellites
ISRO has two types of Satellites one is P S l V(Polar satellite launching Vehicle )and another is G S L V(Geosynchronous Satelite Lunch Vehicle).
PSLV is used in launching small satellites and GSLV which use for launching heavy satellites around 36000km height from earth.
ISRO has an important role internationally because it has unique technology and intelligent scientist.
Now ISRO has 100 Spacecraft,70 lunch Mission,9 student satellites,2 Re-Entry Mission,269 Foreign Satelite from 32 countries, and also in the space research technology sector.